As far as fishing supplies go, I'm still a novice but I did learn from the best. Grandpa would always end up catching more than he could carry home . As with a lot of things, it's better to K.I.S.S here. Also this write up is for fresh water fishing.
I recommend spinning rods/reels over casting as they are just easier/more comfortable to use for most, especially those just getting started.
Reels, sorted from cheapest to priciest that I use:
- Shakespeare Ultra 2500ULX, good beginner reel, can find it for less than $15 on ebay typically.
Shimano AX2000FA, great beginner reel, can usually pick this up on ebay for around $15 inc shipping.
Shimano Sienna 2500FD, Intermediate reel, a good price for this is less than $30.
Daiwa Regal-x 2500c, Intermediate reel, My personal favorite a good price is ~$40 new but $30 or less would be ideal.
6'6"-7' medium-heavy rods are what I suggest for beginners/intermediate.
- Fuji Daiwa Custom Design Procaster-S 6'6 PRS662MFS-B", good beginner rod, fair price would be $20 or less for a similar rod.
Shakespeare Ugly Stik 1100 6'6", great beginner rod, good price is around $30 but I've seen ~$20.
FIN-NOR Profiler PFL602M, 6', amazing rod - anything FIN-NOR is great, pricey if even possible to find anymore. Inshore Fin-nors around 6-7' are going for ~$25/piece or so, I've seen lots of 2 for $50.
Daiwa Custom Design Triforce 7', fantastic brand for beginners or intermediate, should run around $30-60 but I've seen 7' mediums going for $25 or less.
Matching the rod's LB rating for the line is ideal, so a 6-15lb rod would use 10lb line. I like Daiwa as I prefer japanese anytime I can.
For bait I was taught for trout to use glitter salmon egg, Berkley powerbait specifically, I use the Extra Scent glitter and natural scent glitter, you can try the non glitter and see how it works for you but for trout this is what my grandpa swore by and I'd watch him fill up buckets/hit the catch limit in hours.
For lures, I suggest soft bait (worm/minnow lures- Berkely Gulp 1" minnows, mister twisters), for bass I recommend hard bait (jigs/crankbait). Again glitter comes in handy here, anything that will sparkle and catch their eye. In pond fishing the lighter the tackle the better or you'll scare the fish, pond fishing teaches you patience that bigger bodies of water otherwise would not reward you for.